Chapter 1 Quick facts

  1. Urban areas around the world are facing enormous challenges and changes than they did 20 years ago.
  2. Cities are operating in economic, social, and cultural ecologies that are radically different from the outmoded urban model of the 20th century.
  3. Persistent urban issues over the last 20 years include urban growth, changes in family patterns, growing number of urban residents living in slums and informal settlements, and the challenge of providing urban services.
  4. Connected to these persistent urban issues are newer trends in the urban governance and finance: emerging urban issues include climate change, exclusion and rising inequality, rising insecurity and upsurge in international migration.